Fast Facts

A Peaceful Country:
In the Western Hemisphere, Costa Rica is the only country without an army or military of any kind.

situated in the Central American isthmus, immediately north of Panama, with ports in both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans and 153 highway miles between them.

Longevity: Costa Ricans have a life expectancy of 76 years.

Social Plan: The Costa Rican Social Security Service is intended to cover 100% of the population. Currently 90% of the inhabitants are members and the rest are covered by the federal government.

Immense Diversity: Due to its geographical location, Costa Rica bridges the northern and southern most points of the two American contents. This makes Costa Rica the meeting point of a variety of cultures and a density of plant and animal species said to be unlike any other country in the world.

Population: 4.0 million (figure taken in year 2000) Men: 49,86% - Women: 50,14%

Density: 203.5 inhabitants per square mile

Life Expectancy: 76.1 years

Literacy Rate: 96.2%

Student Population: (primary and secondary) 889,306

Educational Institutions: 6147 primary and secondary schools

Education Expenditures: US $980 M (200), or 6.25% of the GDP. Minimum fixed by law at 6% of GDP.

Population Recieving Piped Water: 99%

Public Health Services Coverage: 90.4% of population

Health Expenditures: 27.8% of government total

Access to Telephone Service: 92% of population

Area: 51,000 square kilometers (19,652 sq. miles)

Country Capital: San José

Major Metropolitan Center: San José (1 M)

Government: Constitutional

Languages Spoken: Spanish and English

Habitat: Ranges from humid lowland jungles to arid bare mountain peaks.

Length of the Pacific Coastline: 640 miles

Length of the Caribbean Coastline: 132 miles

Highest Point: Mount Chirripó

Hundreds of Birds: Costa Rica has approximately 850 bird species, 600 of which are non-migratory. The other birds migrate during the North American winter, making a stop in Costa Rica before continuing on to South America.

Plant Species: 9000

Insect Species: 34,000

Mammalian Species: 205

Reptilian Species: 220

Amphibian Species: 160

Plethora of Protected Land: Costa Rica is among the countries with the highest amount of protected land in the world; 25% of the national territory is dedicated to the national park system or biological, marine and land reserves, as well as other natural wildlife areas.

Healthy Environs:The best tourist beaches in Costa Rica have been awarded the Ecological Blue Flag which ensures hygenic/sanitary conditions and proper management.

Earthquakes: The tectonic plates under Costa Rica shift from time to time, creating anywhere from 2 to 40 earthquakes in a month's time. These tremors are usually rather slight and barely noticeable. Occasionally one will be a little stronger, registering around 5 on the Richter scale, doing little damage other than shaking your feelings of security.

Tourism Watchdog:Costa Rica has a Sustainable Tourism Certification (STC) program; its goal is to classify and certify tourism companies based on how well their operations match a sustainability model.

Home | Costa Rica 101 | Regional Overview | Traveling Basics | Fun & Adventure
Sport Fishing | Where to Stay | Luxury Hideaways | Spa & Yoga Retreat
Cosmetic Surgery | Tour & Travel Agencies | Flights and Cars
Getting Around | Retiring in Costa Rica | Real Estate
El Mercado | Photo Gallery | Maps | About Us
copyright ©2003
Costa Rica 101

Costa Rica Facts

In the Western Hemisphere, Costa Rica is the only country without an army or military of any kind.

HomeCosta Rica 101Regional OverviewTraveling BasicsFun & AdventureSport FishingWhere to StayLuxury HideawaysSpa & Yoga Retreats
Cosmetic SurgeryTour & Travel AgenciesFlights & CarsGetting AroundRetiring in Costa RicaReal EstateEl MercadoPhoto GalleryMapsAbout Us